Application for US Citizenship with Instructions | Form N-400

Note

The Form N-400 is your application to become a naturalized U.S. citizen. To help you understand the naturalization process, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) developed A Guide to Naturalization classified as M-476. This guide provides you with information on eligibility requirements and naturalization procedures.

 

General Eligibility Requirements

1. You are at least 18 years of age at the time of filing (except active duty members of the U.S. Armed Forces);

2. You have been a permanent resident of the United States for a specified period of time;

3. You have lived within the state or USCIS district where you claim residence for at least 3 months prior to filing;

4. You demonstrate physical presence within the United States for a specified period of time;

5. You demonstrate continuous residence for a specified period of time;

6. You demonstrate good moral character;

7. You demonstrate an attachment to the principles and ideals of the U.S. Constitution;

8. You demonstrate a basic knowledge of U.S. history and government (also known as “civics”) as well as an ability to read, write, speak, and understand basic English; and

9. You take an Oath of Allegiance to the United States. Some applicants may be eligible for a modified oath.

 

Naturalization Testing

One of the requirements for naturalization is to take the naturalization test to demonstrate that you are able to read, write, and speak basic English and that you have a basic knowledge of U.S. history and government (civics).

 

Exemptions From the English Language Test

You are not required to take the English language test if:

1. At the time of filing your Form N-400, you are 50 years of age or older and have lived in the United States as a permanent resident for periods totaling at least 20 years. You do not have to take the English language test, but you do have to take the civics test in the language of your choice.

2. At the time of filing your Form N-400, you are 55 years of age or older and have lived in the United States as a permanent resident for periods totaling at least 15 years. You do not have to take the English language test, but you do have to take the civics test in the language of your choice.

3. At the time of filing your Form N-400, you are 65 years of age or older and have lived in the United States as a permanent resident for periods totaling at least 20 years. You do not have to take the English language test, but you do have to take a simplified version of the civics test in the language of your choice.

If you qualify for an exemption from the English language test based on your age and how long you have lived in the United States as a permanent resident, answer “Yes” in Part 2., Item Number 12. of Form N-400.

Medical Exception to the English Language and/or Civics Test

You may be eligible for an exception to the English language and/or civics tests due to a physical or developmental disability or mental impairment that has lasted, or is expected to last, 12 months or more. Refer to Form N-648, Medical Certification for Disability Exceptions, for more information. If you are requesting a medical exception to the English language and civics tests, answer “Yes” in Part 2., Item Number 11. of Form N-400. Submit a completed Form N-648 when you file your Form N-400.

 

Members of the U.S. Armed Forces

Refer to Naturalization Information for Military Personnel (M-599) for eligibility requirements. You can obtain this information on the USCIS Web site at www.uscis.gov/military. Call the Military Help Line at 1-877-247-4645 if you are transferred to a new duty station (including a deployment overseas or to a vessel) after you file your Form N-400.

 

Beware: DO NOT File Form N-400

You should NOT file this form if:

 

1. You have not met the eligibility requirements for naturalization based on your filing category.
2. You have acquired or derived U.S. citizenship through one or both of your parents.

For your convenience, you can download the complete instructions to complete your Form N-400

Click here to download the complete instructions for Form N-400

 

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